Sanitation facilities in Indiaare alarmingly poor with over 600 million people (half of India's population)having no access to toilets. People are forced to defecate in the open. Thisposes health hazards, raises environmental concerns and leads to watercontamination. This is coupled with the Indian Railways’s open-chute toiletsystem wherein the human waste drops on the rail tracks. Untreated fecal matterlying in the open is a grave threat to the well-being and good health of thesociety and the environment and a threat to sustainable living.
Banka BioLoo’s solutions addressthe following needs/pain points of the end-user in a climate-friendly way:
• Meetthe need for basic, easy-to-install and hygienic human waste disposal mechanismin areas with no infrastructural facilities currently.
• Addressthe need for a cheaper and easy-to-operate alternative to the traditional wastedisposal system.
Bio-toilets treat the human wasteat source - no need to carry, no spoiling of environment or groundwater, anddon't need any energy, no heavy infrastructure required. On the contrary, thesystem leaves pathogen-free water as effluent that can be re-used. For largebio-tanks, methane can be collected and used. These can be installed anywhere,without specification of land type, terrain, distance, etc.
The bio-toilet system disposeshuman waste
• in100% eco-friendly manner
The entire concept of bio-toilet(or bioloo) is socially and environmentally driven. In India, many marginalizedsections and the not so better off communities (rural and urban) don’t haveaccess to sanitation facilities. The bioloos are an affordable and durablesolution to the challenge of lack of toilets, as also help in waste treatmentat site.
The project has positive impacton society, health and environment. The notable variables are number of peoplewho no more defecate in the open, their health has improved and are not proneto diseases, the quantity of human waste treated and the amount of waterrecycled.
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The project solutions have:
- · Enabled access to hygienic sanitation tofamilies, schools, members of public, on-site workers, and notably to railpassengers
- · Treated human waste and saved/ recycled water;as effluent water from the bio-toilet system is re-used, need for fresh waterfrom municipal sources is reduced
- · Railways’s bio-toilets: better hygienicconditions for millions (and increasing) of people living near tracks
- · Families and communities, with access tobioloos, don't defecate in the open, their health has improved as human wasteis not littered
- · Womenfolk use bioloos and have no fear ofsecurity, and have a sense of dignity
Our bioloo model is scalable andreplicable across geographical areas or terrains, suited for all income groupsand social backgrounds, apt for urban, peri-urban and rural areas, beaches, orhilly areas – almost anywhere. The bacteria can withstand temperatures from-5°C to 50°C.
Beginning with a state or two in2012, today we have installations in 20 Indian states, and growing. We are inthe process of developing local partnerships with for-profit enterprises ornon-profit organizations with a similar commitment and vision.
We are working on ways to takethe bacterial culture to other countries, such as in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Defence Research and DevelopmentOrganization (DRDO), R&D arm of Indian defence, are our technical partners.They had developed the climate-resilient and environmentally-friendlybio-technology for the defence personnel. We are pioneering the application forthe civilian population. We, as well as DRDO –work on furthering theapplication of waste treatment, adaptability across geographies.
On the other side, we havepartnered with many a NGOs and non-profit organizations. We work with them toidentify user families among the vulnerable sections. Some notable partners areEngineers Without Borders, Gramalaya, Small Scale Sustainable InfrastructureDevelopment Fund. These organizations raise funds or get grants and we worktogether in identifying disadvantaged families (having no toilets) whom wecould provide bio-toilets. We also work with associations to create and raiseawareness, for example, with Confederation of Women Entrepreneurs we organizeda "Walkathon on Sanitation" in Hyderabad. We also work with companiesin providing school sanitation within CSR programs.
Enterprise and Project Mission
Solutions for sustainablesanitation and healthy life for one and all, more so for the have-nots and themarginalized (BoP) strata of society
Reach out to places where toiletsare rare and facilities are bare; the need is substantial, the problem isacute, and the solution is within reach
Article by Banko Bioloo